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【新浦京娱乐场官网】Mysql 8.0.18 hash join测验(推荐

来源:http://www.dnamique.com 作者:计算机网络 人气:100 发布时间:2020-04-26
摘要:Hash Join Hash Join不需要任何索引来执行,并且在大多数情况下比当前的块嵌套循环算法更有效。 下面通过实例代码给大家介绍Mysql 8.0.18 hash join测试,具体内容如下所示: CREATE TABLE COLU

Hash Join

Hash Join 不需要任何索引来执行,并且在大多数情况下比当前的块嵌套循环算法更有效。

下面通过实例代码给大家介绍Mysql 8.0.18 hash join测试,具体内容如下所示:

CREATE TABLE COLUMNS_hj as select * from information_schema.`COLUMNS`;INSERT INTO COLUMNS SELECT * FROM COLUMNS; -- 最后一次插入25万行CREATE TABLE COLUMNS_hj2 as select * from information_schema.`COLUMNS`;

explain format=treeSELECT COUNT(c1. PRIVILEGES), SUM(c1.ordinal_position)FROM COLUMNS_hj c1, COLUMNS_hj2 c2WHERE c1.table_name = c2.table_nameAND c1.column_name = c2.column_nameGROUP BY c1.table_name, c1.column_nameORDER BY c1.table_name, c1.column_name;

必须使用format=tree才能查看hash join的执行计划:

- Sort: temporary.TABLE_NAME, temporary.COLUMN_NAME - Table scan on temporary - Aggregate using temporary table - Inner hash join (c1.`COLUMN_NAME` = c2.`COLUMN_NAME`), (c1.`TABLE_NAME` = c2.`TABLE_NAME`) (cost=134217298.97 rows=13421218) - Table scan on c1 (cost=1.60 rows=414619) - Hash - Table scan on c2 (cost=347.95 rows=3237)

set join_buffer_size=1048576000;SELECT COUNT(c1. PRIVILEGES), SUM(c1.ordinal_position)FROM COLUMNS_hj c1, COLUMNS_hj2 c2WHERE c1.table_name = c2.table_nameAND c1.column_name = c2.column_nameGROUP BY c1.table_name, c1.column_nameORDER BY c1.table_name, c1.column_name;

1.5秒左右。

再来看BNL,先创建索引。

alter table columns_hj drop index idx_columns_hj;alter table columns_hj2 drop index idx_columns_hj2;create index idx_columns_hj on columns_hj(table_name,column_name);create index idx_columns_hj2 on columns_hj2(table_name,column_name);- Sort: temporary.TABLE_NAME, temporary.COLUMN_NAME - Table scan on temporary - Aggregate using temporary table - Nested loop inner join (cost=454325.17 rows=412707) - Filter: ((c2.`TABLE_NAME` is not null) and (c2.`COLUMN_NAME` is not null)) (cost=347.95 rows=3237) - Table scan on c2 (cost=347.95 rows=3237) - Index lookup on c1 using idx_COLUMNS_hj (TABLE_NAME=c2.`TABLE_NAME`, COLUMN_NAME=c2.`COLUMN_NAME`) (cost=127.50 rows=127)

大约4.5秒。可见hash join效果还是杠杠的。

不得不吐槽下mysql的优化器提示,貌似HASH_JOIN/NO_HASH_JOIN都不生效。

除了hash_join外,mysql 8.0.3引入的SET_VAR优化器提示还是很好用的,可用来设置语句级参数,如下:

mysql select /*+ set_var(optimizer_switch='index_merge=off') set_var(join_buffer_size=4M) */ c_id from customer limit 1;

SET_VAR支持的变量列表:

auto_increment_incrementauto_increment_offsetbig_tablesbulk_insert_buffer_sizedefault_tmp_storage_enginediv_precision_incrementend_markers_in_jsoneq_range_index_dive_limitforeign_key_checksgroup_concat_max_leninsert_idinternal_tmp_mem_storage_enginejoin_buffer_sizelock_wait_timeoutmax_error_countmax_execution_timemax_heap_table_sizemax_join_sizemax_length_for_sort_datamax_points_in_geometrymax_seeks_for_keymax_sort_lengthoptimizer_prune_leveloptimizer_search_depth variablesoptimizer_switchrange_alloc_block_sizerange_optimizer_max_mem_sizeread_buffer_sizeread_rnd_buffer_sizesort_buffer_sizesql_auto_is_nullsql_big_selectssql_buffer_resultsql_modesql_safe_updatessql_select_limittimestamptmp_table_sizeupdatable_views_with_limitunique_checkswindowing_use_high_precision

总结

以上所述是小编给大家介绍的Mysql 8.0.18 hash join测试,希望对大家有所帮助,如果大家有任何疑问请给我留言,小编会及时回复大家的。在此也非常感谢大家对脚本之家网站的支持!如果你觉得本文对你有帮助,欢迎转载,烦请注明出处,谢谢!

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